And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and
unto Jacob by the name of God Almighty; but by My name Jehovah was I not known
to them. - Exodus.
All things were made by Him; and without Him
was not anything made that was made. In Him was life; and the life was the light
of men. - John.
Spiritual interpretation 501
Scientific interpretation of the Scriptures
properly starts with the beginning of the Old Testament, chiefly because the
spiritual import of the Word, in its earliest articulations, often seems so
smothered by the immediate context as to require explication; whereas the New
Testament narratives are clearer and come nearer the heart. Jesus illumines
them, showing the poverty of mortal existence, but richly recompensing human
want and woe with spiritual gain. The incarnation of Truth, that amplification
of wonder and glory which angels could only whisper and which God illustrated by
light and harmony, is consonant with ever-present Love. So-called mystery and
miracle, which subserve the end of natural good, are explained by that Love for
whose rest the weary ones sigh when needing something more native to their
immortal cravings than the history of perpetual evil.
Spiritual overture 502
A second necessity for beginning with Genesis is
that the living and real prelude of the older Scriptures is so brief that it
would almost seem, from the preponderance of unreality in the entire narrative,
as if reality did not predominate over unreality, the light over the dark, the
straight line of Spirit over the mortal deviations and inverted images of the
creator and His creation.
Deflection of being 502
Spiritually followed, the book of Genesis is the
history of the untrue image of God, named a sinful mortal. This deflection of
being, rightly viewed, serves to suggest the proper reflection of God and the
spiritual actuality of man, as given in the first chapter of Genesis. Even thus
the crude forms of human thought take on higher symbols and significations, when
scientifically Christian views of the universe appear, illuminating time with
the glory of eternity.
In the following exegesis, each text is followed
by its spiritual interpretation according to the teachings of Christian Science.
Ideas and identities 502
Genesis i. 1. In the beginning
God created the heaven and the earth.
The infinite has no beginning. This word beginning
is employed to signify the only, - that is, the eternal verity
and unity of God and man, including the universe. The creative Principle-Life,
Truth, and Love-is God. The universe reflects God. There is but one creator and
one creation. This creation consists of the unfolding of spiritual ideas and
their identities, which are embraced in the infinite Mind and forever reflected.
These ideas range from the infinitesimal to infinity, and the highest ideas are
the sons and daughters of God.
Spiritual harmony 503
Genesis i. 2. And the earth was
without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the
spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
The divine Principle and idea constitute
spiritual harmony, - heaven and eternity. In the universe of Truth, matter is
unknown. No supposition of error enters there. Divine Science, the Word of God,
saith to the darkness upon the face of error, "God is All-in-all," and
the light of ever-present Love illumines the universe. Hence the eternal wonder,
- that infinite space is peopled with God's ideas, reflecting Him in countless
Mind's idea faultless 503
Genesis i. 3. And God said, Let
there be light: and there was light.
Immortal and divine Mind presents the idea of
God: first, in light; second, in reflection; third,
in spiritual and immortal forms of beauty and goodness. But this Mind creates no
element nor symbol of discord and decay. God creates neither erring thought,
mortal life, mutable truth, nor variable love.
Genesis i. 4. And God saw the
light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
God, Spirit, dwelling in infinite light and
harmony from which emanates the true idea, is never reflected by aught but the
Light preceding the sun 504
Genesis i. 5. And God called the
light Day, and the darkness He called Night. And the evening and the morning
were the first day.
All questions as to the divine creation being
both spiritual and material are answered in this passage, for though solar beams
are not yet included in the record of creation, still there is light. This light
is not from the sun nor from volcanic flames, but it is the revelation of Truth
and of spiritual ideas. This also shows that there is no place where God's light
is not seen, since Truth, Life, and Love fill immensity and are ever-present.
Was not this a revelation instead of a creation?
Evenings and mornings 504
The successive appearing of God's ideas is
represented as taking place on so many evenings and mornings,
- words which indicate, in the absence of solar time, spiritually clearer views
of Him, views which are not implied by material darkness and dawn. Here we have
the explanation of another passage of Scripture, that "one day is with the
Lord as a thousand years." The rays of infinite Truth, when gathered into
the focus of ideas, bring light instantaneously, whereas a thousand years of
human doctrines, hypotheses, and vague conjectures emit no such effulgence.
Spirit ^versus^ darkness 504
Did infinite Mind create matter, and call it light?
Spirit is light, and the contradiction of Spirit is matter, darkness, and
darkness obscures light. Material sense is nothing but a supposition of the
absence of Spirit. No solar rays nor planetary revolutions form the day of
Spirit. Immortal Mind makes its own record, but mortal mind, sleep, dreams, sin,
disease, and death have no record in the first chapter of Genesis.
Spiritual firmament 505
Genesis i. 6. And God said, Let
there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters
from the waters.
Spiritual understanding, by which human
conception, material sense, is separated from Truth, is the firmament. The
divine Mind, not matter, creates all identities, and they are forms of Mind, the
ideas of Spirit apparent only as Mind, never as mindless matter nor the
so-called material senses.
Genesis i. 7. And God made the
firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters
which were above the firmament: and it was so.
Spirit imparts the understanding which uplifts
consciousness and leads into all truth. The Psalmist saith: "The Lord on
high is mightier than the noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of
the sea." Spiritual sense is the discernment of spiritual good.
Understanding is the line of demarcation between the real and unreal. Spiritual
understanding unfolds Mind, - Life, Truth, and Love, - and demonstrates the
divine sense, giving the spiritual proof of the universe in Christian Science.
Original reflected 505
This understanding is not intellectual, is not
the result of scholarly attainments; it is the reality of all things brought to
light. God's ideas reflect the immortal, unerring, and infinite. The mortal,
erring, and finite are human beliefs, which apportion to themselves a task
impossible for them, that of distinguishing between the false and the true.
Objects utterly unlike the original do not reflect that original. Therefore
matter, not being the reflection of Spirit, has no real entity. Understanding is
a quality of God, a quality which separates Christian Science from supposition
and makes Truth final.
Exalted thought 506
Genesis i. 8. And God called the
firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
Through divine Science, Spirit, God, unites
understanding to eternal harmony. The calm and exalted thought or spiritual
apprehension is at peace. Thus the dawn of ideas goes on, forming each
successive stage of progress.
Unfolding of thoughts 506
Genesis i. 9. And God said, Let
the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry
land appear: and it was so.
Spirit, God, gathers unformed thoughts into their
proper channels, and unfolds these thoughts, even as He opens the petals of a
holy purpose in order that the purpose may appear.
Spirit names and blesses 506
Genesis i. 10. And God called
the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas: and
God saw that it was good.
Here the human concept and divine idea seem
confused by the translator, but they are not so in the scientifically Christian
meaning of the text. Upon Adam devolved the pleasurable task of finding names
for all material things, but Adam has not yet appeared in the narrative. In
metaphor, the dry land illustrates the absolute formations
instituted by Mind, while water symbolizes the elements of
Mind. Spirit duly feeds and clothes every object, as it appears in the line of
spiritual creation, thus tenderly expressing the fatherhood and motherhood of
God. Spirit names and blesses all. Without natures particularly defined, objects
and subjects would be obscure, and creation would be full of nameless offspring,
- wanderers from the parent Mind, strangers in a tangled wilderness.
Divine propagation 507
Genesis i. 11. And God said, Let
the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding
fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
The universe of Spirit reflects the creative
power of the divine Principle, or Life, which reproduces the multitudinous forms
of Mind and governs the multiplication of the compound idea man. The tree and
herb do not yield fruit because of any propagating power of their own, but
because they reflect the Mind which includes all. A material world implies a
mortal mind and man a creator. The scientific divine creation declares immortal
Mind and the universe created by God.
Ever-appearing creation 507
Infinite Mind creates and governs all, from the
mental molecule to infinity. This divine Principle of all expresses Science and
art throughout His creation, and the immortality of man and the universe.
Creation is ever appearing, and must ever continue to appear from the nature of
its inexhaustible source. Mortal sense inverts this appearing and calls ideas
material. Thus misinterpreted, the divine idea seems to fall to the level of a
human or material belief, called mortal man. But the seed is in itself, only as
the divine Mind is All and reproduces all - as Mind is the multiplier, and
Mind's infinite idea, man and the universe, is the product. The only
intelligence or substance of a thought, a seed, or a flower is God, the creator
of it. Mind is the Soul of all. Mind is Life, Truth, and Love which governs all.
Mind's pure thought 508
Genesis i. 12. And the earth
brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree
yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it
God determines the gender of His own ideas.
Gender is mental, not material. The seed within itself is the pure thought
emanating from divine Mind. The feminine gender is not yet expressed in the
text. Gender means simply kind or sort,
and does not necessarily refer either to masculinity or femininity. The word is
not confined to sexuality, and grammars always recognize a neuter gender,
neither male nor female. The Mind or intelligence of production names the female
gender last in the ascending order of creation. The intelligent individual idea,
be it male or female, rising from the lesser to the greater, unfolds the
infinitude of Love.
Rising to the light 508
Genesis i. 13. And the evening
and the morning were the third day.
The third stage in the order of Christian Science
is an important one to the human thought, letting in the light of spiritual
understanding. This period corresponds to the resurrection, when Spirit is
discerned to be the Life of all, and the deathless Life, or Mind, dependent upon
no material organization. Our Master reappeared to his students, - to their
apprehension he rose from the grave, - on the third day of his ascending
thought, and so presented to them the certain sense of eternal Life.
Rarefaction of thought 509
Genesis i. 14. And God said, Let
there be lights in the firmament of the heaven, to divide the day from the
night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.
Spirit creates no other than heavenly or
celestial bodies, but the stellar universe is no more celestial than our earth.
This text gives the idea of the rarefaction of thought as it ascends higher. God
forms and peoples the universe. The light of spiritual understanding gives
gleams of the infinite only, even as nebulae indicate the immensity of space.
Divine nature appearing 509
So-called mineral, vegetable, and animal
substances are no more contingent now on time or material structure than they
were when "the morning stars sang together." Mind made the "plant
of the field before it was in the earth." The periods of spiritual
ascension are the days and seasons of Mind's creation, in which beauty,
sublimity, purity, and holiness - yea, the divine nature - appear in man and the
universe never to disappear.
Spiritual ideas apprehended 509
Knowing the Science of creation, in which all is
Mind and its ideas, Jesus rebuked the material thought of his fellow-countrymen:
"Ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of
the times?" How much more should we seek to apprehend the spiritual ideas
of God, than to dwell on the objects of sense! To discern the rhythm of Spirit
and to be holy, thought must be purely spiritual.
Genesis i. 15. And let them be
for lights in the firmament of the heaven, to give light upon the earth: and it
Truth and Love enlighten the understanding, in
whose "light shall we see light;" and this illumination is reflected
spiritually by all who walk in the light and turn away from a false material
Geology a failure 510
Genesis i. 16. And God made two
great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule
the night: He made the stars also.
The sun is a metaphorical representation of Soul
outside the body, giving existence and intelligence to the universe. Love alone
can impart the limitless idea of infinite Mind. Geology has never explained the
earth's formations; it cannot explain them. There is no Scriptural allusion to
solar light until time has been already divided into evening and morning; and
the allusion to fluids (Genesis i. 2) indicates a supposed formation of matter
by the resolving of fluids into solids, analogous to the suppositional resolving
of thoughts into material things.
Spiritual subdivision 510
Light is a symbol of Mind, of Life, Truth, and
Love, and not a vitalizing property of matter. Science reveals only one Mind,
and this one shining by its own light and governing the universe, including man,
in perfect harmony. This Mind forms ideas, its own images, subdivides and
radiates their borrowed light, intelligence, and so explains the Scripture
phrase, "whose seed is in itself." Thus God's ideas "multiply and
replenish the earth." The divine Mind supports the sublimity, magnitude,
and infinitude of spiritual creation.
Darkness scattered 511
Genesis i. 17, 18. And God set
them in the firmament of the heaven, to give light upon the earth, and to rule
over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and
God saw that it was good.
In divine Science, which is the seal of Deity and
has the impress of heaven, God is revealed as infinite light. In the eternal
Mind, no night is there.
Genesis i. 19. And the evening
and the morning were the fourth day.
The changing glow and full effulgence of God's
infinite ideas, images, mark the periods of progress.
Soaring aspirations 511
Genesis i. 20. And God said, Let
the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl
that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.
To mortal mind, the universe is liquid, solid,
and aeriform. Spiritually interpreted, rocks and mountains stand for solid and
grand ideas. Animals and mortals metaphorically present the gradation of mortal
thought, rising in the scale of intelligence, taking form in masculine,
feminine, or neuter gender. The fowls, which fly above the earth in the open
firmament of heaven, correspond to aspirations soaring beyond and above
corporeality to the understanding of the incorporeal and divine Principle, Love.
Seraphic symbols 512
Genesis i. 21. And God created
great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought
forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and
God saw that it was good.
Spirit is symbolized by strength, presence, and
power, and also by holy thoughts, winged with Love. These angels of His
presence, which have the holiest charge, abound in the spiritual atmosphere of
Mind, and consequently reproduce their own characteristics. Their individual
forms we know not, but we do know that their natures are allied to God's nature;
and spiritual blessings, thus typified, are the externalized, yet subjective,
states of faith and spiritual understanding.
Genesis i. 22. And God blessed
them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas; and
let fowl multiply in the earth.
Spirit blesses the multiplication of its own pure
and perfect ideas. From the infinite elements of the one Mind emanate all form,
color, quality, and quantity, and these are mental, both primarily and
secondarily. Their spiritual nature is discerned only through the spiritual
senses. Mortal mind inverts the true likeness, and confers animal names and
natures upon its own misconceptions. Ignorant of the origin and operations of
mortal mind, - that is, ignorant of itself, - this so-called mind puts forth its
own qualities, and claims God as their author; albeit God is ignorant of the
existence of both this mortal mentality, so-called, and its claim, for the claim
usurps the deific prerogatives and is an attempted infringement on infinity.
Spiritual spheres 513
Genesis i. 23. And the evening
and the morning were the fifth day.
Advancing spiritual steps in the teeming universe
of Mind lead on to spiritual spheres and exalted beings. To material sense, this
divine universe is dim and distant, gray in the sombre hues of twilight; but
anon the veil is lifted, and the scene shifts into light. In the record, time is
not yet measured by solar revolutions, and the motions and reflections of deific
power cannot be apprehended until divine Science becomes the interpreter.
Continuity of thoughts 513
Genesis i. 24. And God said, Let
the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping
thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.
Spirit diversifies, classifies, and
individualizes all thoughts, which are as eternal as the Mind conceiving them;
but the intelligence, existence, and continuity of all individuality remain in
God, who is the divinely creative Principle thereof.
God's thoughts are spiritual realities
Genesis i. 25. And God made the
beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and everything
that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
God creates all forms of reality. His thoughts
are spiritual realities. So-called mortal mind-being nonexistent and
consequently not within the range of immortal existence - could not by
simulating deific power invert the divine creation, and afterwards recreate
persons or things upon its own plane, since nothing exists beyond the range of
all-inclusive infinity, in which and of which God is the sole creator. Mind,
joyous in strength, dwells in the realm of Mind. Mind's infinite ideas run and
disport themselves. In humility they climb the heights of holiness.
Qualities of thought 514
Moral courage is "the lion of the tribe of
Juda," the king of the mental realm. Free and fearless it roams in the
forest. Undisturbed it lies in the open field, or rests in "green pastures,
. . . beside the still waters." In the figurative transmission from the
divine thought to the human, diligence, promptness, and perseverance are likened
to "the cattle upon a thousand hills." They carry the baggage of stern
resolve, and keep pace with highest purpose. Tenderness accompanies all the
might imparted by Spirit. The individuality created by God is not carnivorous,
as witness the millennial estate pictured by Isaiah:-
The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb,
And the leopard shall lie down with the kid;
And the calf and the young lion, and the fatling
And a little child shall lead them.
Understanding the control which Love held over
all, Daniel felt safe in the lions' den, and Paul proved the viper to be
harmless. All of God's creatures, moving in the harmony of Science, are
harmless, useful, indestructible. A realization of this grand verity was a
source of strength to the ancient worthies. It supports Christian healing, and
enables its possessor to emulate the example of Jesus. "And God saw that it
The serpent harmless 515
Patience is symbolized by the tireless worm,
creeping over lofty summits, persevering in its intent. The serpent of God's
creating is neither subtle nor poisonous, but is a wise idea, charming in its
adroitness, for Love's ideas are subject to the Mind which forms them, - the
power which changeth the serpent into a staff.
Genesis i. 26. And God said, Let
us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over
the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over
all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
The eternal Elohim includes the forever universe.
The name Elohim is in the plural, but this plurality of Spirit does not imply
more than one God, nor does it imply three persons in one. It relates to the
oneness, the tri-unity of Life, Truth, and Love. "Let them
have dominion." Man is the family name for all ideas, - the sons and
daughters of God. All that God imparts moves in accord with Him, reflecting
goodness and power.
Reflected likeness 515
Your mirrored reflection is your own image or
likeness. If you lift a weight, your reflection does this also. If you speak,
the lips of this likeness move in accord with yours. Now compare man before the
mirror to his divine Principle, God. Call the mirror divine Science, and call
man the reflection. Then note how true, according to Christian Science, is the
reflection to its original. As the reflection of yourself appears in the mirror,
so you, being spiritual, are the reflection of God. The substance, Life,
intelligence, Truth, and Love, which constitute Deity, are reflected by His
creation; and when we subordinate the false testimony of the corporeal senses to
the facts of Science, we shall see this true likeness and reflection everywhere.
Love imparts beauty 516
God fashions all things, after His own likeness.
Life is reflected in existence, Truth in truthfulness, God in goodness, which
impart their own peace and permanence. Love, redolent with unselfishness, bathes
all in beauty and light. The grass beneath our feet silently exclaims, "The
meek shall inherit the earth." The modest arbutus sends her sweet breath to
heaven. The great rock gives shadow and shelter. The sunlight glints from the
church-dome, glances into the prison-cell, glides into the sick-chamber,
brightens the flower, beautifies the landscape, blesses the earth. Man, made in
His likeness, possesses and reflects God's dominion over all the earth. Man and
woman as coexistent and eternal with God forever reflect, in glorified quality,
the infinite Father-Mother God.
Ideal man and woman 516
Genesis i. 27. So God created
man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female
created He them.
To emphasize this momentous thought, it is
repeated that God made man in His own image, to reflect the divine Spirit. It
follows that man is a generic term. Masculine, feminine, and
neuter genders are human concepts. In one of the ancient languages the word for man
is used also as the synonym of mind. This definition has been
weakened by anthropomorphism, or a humanization of Deity. The word anthropomorphic,
in such a phrase as "an anthropomorphic God," is derived from two
Greek words, signifying man and form, and may
be defined as a mortally mental attempt to reduce Deity to corporeality. The
life-giving quality of Mind is Spirit, not matter. The ideal man corresponds to
creation, to intelligence, and to Truth. The ideal woman corresponds to Life and
to Love. In divine Science, we have not as much authority for considering God
masculine, as we have for considering Him feminine, for Love imparts the
clearest idea of Deity.
Divine personality 517
The world believes in many persons; but if God is
personal, there is but one person, because there is but one God. His personality
can only be reflected, not transmitted. God has countless ideas, and they all
have one Principle and parentage. The only proper symbol of God as person is
Mind's infinite ideal. What is this ideal? Who shall behold it? This ideal is
God's own image, spiritual and infinite. Even eternity can never reveal the
whole of God, since there is no limit to infinitude or to its reflections.
Birthright of man 517
Genesis i. 28. And God blessed
them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the
earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the
fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
Divine Love blesses its own ideas, and causes
them to multiply, - to manifest His power. Man is not made to till the soil. His
birthright is dominion, not subjection. He is lord of the belief in earth and
heaven, - himself subordinate alone to his Maker. This is the Science of being.
Genesis i. 29, 30. And God said,
Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all
the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to
you it shall be for meat. And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of
the air, and to everything that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life,
I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.
God gives the lesser idea of Himself for a link
to the greater, and in return, the higher always protects the lower. The rich in
spirit help the poor in one grand brotherhood, all having the same Principle, or
Father; and blessed is that man who seeth his brother's need and supplieth it,
seeking his own in another's good. Love giveth to the least spiritual idea
might, immortality, and goodness, which shine through all as the blossom shines
through the bud. All the varied expressions of God reflect health, holiness,
immortality - infinite Life, Truth, and Love.
Perfection of creation 518
Genesis i. 31. And God saw
everything that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and
the morning were the sixth day.
The divine Principle, or Spirit, comprehends and
expresses all, and all must therefore be as perfect as the divine Principle is
perfect. Nothing is new to Spirit. Nothing can be novel to eternal Mind, the
author of all things, who from all eternity knoweth His own ideas. Deity was
satisfied with His work. How could He be otherwise, since the spiritual creation
was the outgrowth, the emanation, of His infinite self-containment and immortal
Infinity measureless 519
Genesis ii. 1. Thus the heavens
and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
Thus the ideas of God in universal being are
complete and forever expressed, for Science reveals infinity and the fatherhood
and motherhood of Love. Human capacity is slow to discern and to grasp God's
creation and the divine power and presence which go with it, demonstrating its
spiritual origin. Mortals can never know the infinite, until they throw off the
old man and reach the spiritual image and likeness. What can fathom infinity!
How shall we declare Him, till, in the language of the apostle, "we all
come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a
perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ"?
Resting in holy work 519
Genesis ii. 2. And on the
seventh day God ended His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh
day from all His work which He had made.
God rests in action. Imparting has not
impoverished, can never impoverish, the divine Mind. No exhaustion follows the
action of this Mind, according to the apprehension of divine Science. The
highest and sweetest rest, even from a human standpoint, is in holy work.
Love and man coexistent 520
Unfathomable Mind is expressed. The depth,
breadth, height, might, majesty, and glory of infinite Love fill all space. That
is enough! Human language can repeat only an infinitesimal part of what exists.
The absolute ideal, man, is no more seen nor comprehended by mortals, than is
his infinite Principle, Love. Principle and its idea, man, are coexistent and
eternal. The numerals of infinity, called seven days, can never
be reckoned according to the calendar of time. These days will appear as
mortality disappears, and they will reveal eternity, newness of Life, in which
all sense of error forever disappears and thought accepts the divine infinite
Growth is from Mind 520
Genesis ii. 4, 5. These are the
generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day
that the Lord God [Jehovah] made the earth and the heavens, and every plant of
the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it
grew: for the Lord God [Jehovah] had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and
there was not a man to till the ground.
Here is the emphatic declaration that God creates
all through Mind, not through matter, - that the plant grows, not because of
seed or soil, but because growth is the eternal mandate of Mind. Mortal thought
drops into the ground, but the immortal creating thought is from above, not from
beneath. Because Mind makes all, there is nothing left to be made by a lower
power. Spirit acts through the Science of Mind, never causing man to till the
ground, but making him superior to the soil. Knowledge of this lifts man above
the sod, above earth and its environments, to conscious spiritual harmony and
Spiritual narrative 521
Here the inspired record closes its narrative of
being that is without beginning or end. All that is made is the work of God, and
all is good. We leave this brief, glorious history of spiritual creation (as
stated in the first chapter of Genesis) in the hands of God, not of man, in the
keeping of Spirit, not matter, - joyfully acknowledging now and forever God's
supremacy, omnipotence, and omnipresence.
The harmony and immortality of man are intact. We
should look away from the opposite supposition that man is created materially,
and turn our gaze to the spiritual record of creation, to that which should be
engraved on the understanding and heart "with the point of a diamond"
and the pen of an angel.
The reader will naturally ask if there is nothing
more about creation in the book of Genesis. Indeed there is, but the continued
account is mortal and material.
The story of error 521
Genesis ii. 6. But there went up
a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.
The Science and truth of the divine creation have
been presented in the verses already considered, and now the opposite error, a
material view of creation, is to be set forth. The second chapter of Genesis
contains a statement of this material view of God and the universe, a statement
which is the exact opposite of scientific truth as before recorded. The history
of error or matter, if veritable, would set aside the omnipotence of Spirit; but
it is the false history in contradistinction to the true.
The two records 522
The Science of the first record proves the
falsity of the second. If one is true, the other is false, for they are
antagonistic. The first record assigns all might and government to God, and
endows man out of God's perfection and power. The second record chronicles man
as mutable and mortal, - as having broken away from Deity and as revolving in an
orbit of his own. Existence, separate from divinity, Science explains as
This second record unmistakably gives the history
of error in its externalized forms, called life and intelligence in matter. It
records pantheism, opposed to the supremacy of divine Spirit; but this state of
things is declared to be temporary and this man to be mortal, - dust returning
Erroneous representation 522
In this erroneous theory, matter takes the place
of Spirit. Matter is represented as the life-giving principle of the earth.
Spirit is represented as entering matter in order to create man. God's glowing
denunciations of man when not found in His image, the likeness of Spirit,
convince reason and coincide with revelation in declaring this material creation
Hypothetical reversal 522
This latter part of the second chapter of
Genesis, which portrays Spirit as supposedly cooperating with matter in
constructing the universe, is based on some hypothesis of error, for the
Scripture just preceding declares God's work to be finished. Does Life, Truth,
and Love produce death, error, and hatred? Does the creator condemn His own
creation? Does the unerring Principle of divine law change or repent? It cannot
be so. Yet one might so judge from an unintelligent perusal of the Scriptural
account now under comment.
Mist, or false claim 523
Because of its false basis, the mist of obscurity
evolved by error deepens the false claim, and finally declares that God knows
error and that error can improve His creation. Although presenting the exact
opposite of Truth, the lie claims to be truth. The creations of matter arise
from a mist or false claim, or from mystification, and not from the firmament,
or understanding, which God erects between the true and false. In error
everything comes from beneath, not from above. All is material myth, instead of
the reflection of Spirit.
Distinct documents 523
It may be worth while here to remark that,
according to the best scholars, there are clear evidences of two distinct
documents in the early part of the book of Genesis. One is called the Elohistic,
because the Supreme Being is therein called Elohim. The other document is called
the Jehovistic, because Deity therein is always called Jehovah, - or Lord God,
as our common version translates it.
Throughout the first chapter of Genesis and in
three verses of the second, - in what we understand to be the spiritually
scientific account of creation, - it is Elohim (God) who creates. From the
fourth verse of chapter two to chapter five, the creator is called Jehovah, or
the Lord. The different accounts become more and more closely intertwined to the
end of chapter twelve, after which the distinction is not definitely traceable.
In the historic parts of the Old Testament, it is usually Jehovah, peculiarly
the divine sovereign of the Hebrew people, who is referred to.
Gods of the heathen 524
The idolatry which followed this material
mythology is seen in the Phoenician worship of Baal, in the Moabitish god
Chemosh, in the Moloch of the Amorites, in the Hindoo Vishnu, in the Greek
Aphrodite, and in a thousand other so-called deities.
Jehovah a tribal deity 524
It was also found among the Israelites, who
constantly went after "strange gods." They called the Supreme Being by
the national name of Jehovah. In that name of Jehovah, the true idea of God
seems almost lost. God becomes "a man of war," a tribal god to be
worshipped, rather than Love, the divine Principle to be lived and loved.
Creation reversed 524
Genesis ii. 7. And the Lord God
[Jehovah] formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils
the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Did the divine and infinite Principle become a
finite deity, that He should now be called Jehovah? With a single command, Mind
had made man, both male and female. How then could a material organization
become the basis of man? How could the non-intelligent become the medium of
Mind, and error be the enunciator of Truth? Matter is not the reflection of
Spirit, yet God is reflected in all His creation. Is this addition to His
creation real or unreal? Is it the truth, or is it a lie concerning man and God?
It must be a lie, for God presently curses the
ground. Could Spirit evolve its opposite, matter, and give matter ability to sin
and suffer? Is Spirit, God, injected into dust, and eventually ejected at the
demand of matter? Does Spirit enter dust, and lose therein the divine nature and
omnipotence? Does Mind, God, enter matter to become there a mortal sinner,
animated by the breath of God? In this narrative, the validity of matter is
opposed, not the validity of Spirit or Spirit's creations. Man reflects God; mankind
represents the Adamic race, and is a human, not a divine, creation.
The following are some of the equivalents of the
term man in different languages. In the Saxon, mankind,
a woman, any one; in the Welsh, that which
rises up, - the primary sense being image,
form; in the Hebrew, image, similitude; in the
Icelandic, mind. The following translation is from the
And God said, Let us make man after our mind and
our likeness; and God shaped man after His mind; after God's mind shaped He him;
and He shaped them male and female.
In the Gospel of John, it is declared that all
things were made through the Word of God, "and without Him [the logos,
or word] was not anything made that was made." Everything
good or worthy, God made. Whatever is valueless or baneful, He did not make, -
hence its unreality. In the Science of Genesis we read that He saw everything
which He had made, "and, behold, it was very good." The corporeal
senses declare otherwise; and if we give the same heed to the history of error
as to the records of truth, the Scriptural record of sin and death favors the
false conclusion of the material senses. Sin, sickness, and death must be deemed
as devoid of reality as they are of good, God.
Contradicting first creation 525
Genesis ii. 9. And out of the
ground made the Lord God Jehovah] to grow every tree that is pleasant to the
sight, and good for food; the tree of life also, in the midst of the garden, and
the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
The previous and more scientific record of
creation declares that God made "every plant of the field before it was in
the earth." This opposite declaration, this statement that life issues from
matter, contradicts the teaching of the first chapter, - namely, that all Life
is God. Belief is less than understanding. Belief involves theories of material
hearing, sight, touch, taste, and smell, termed the five senses. The appetites
and passions, sin, sickness, and death, follow in the train of this error of a
belief in intelligent matter.
Record of error 526
The first mention of evil is in the legendary
Scriptural text in the second chapter of Genesis. God pronounced good all that
He created, and the Scriptures declare that He created all. The "tree of
life" stands for the idea of Truth, and the sword which guards it is the
type of divine Science. The "tree of knowledge" stands for the
erroneous doctrine that the knowledge of evil is as real, hence as God-bestowed,
as the knowledge of good. Was evil instituted through God, Love? Did He create
this fruit-bearer of sin in contradiction of the first creation? This second
biblical account is a picture of error throughout.
Garden of Eden 526
Genesis ii. 15. And the Lord God
[Jehovah] took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to dress it and to
The name Eden, according to Cruden, means pleasure,
delight. In this text Eden stands for the mortal, material
body. God could not put Mind into matter nor infinite Spirit into finite form to
dress it and keep it, - to make it beautiful or to cause it to live and grow.
Man is God's reflection, needing no cultivation, but ever beautiful and
No temptation from God 527
Genesis ii. 16, 17. And the Lord
God [Jehovah] commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest
freely eat: but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not
eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
Here the metaphor represents God, Love, as
tempting man, but the Apostle James says: "God cannot be tempted with evil,
neither tempteth He any man." It is true that a knowledge of evil would
make man mortal. It is plain also that material perception, gathered from the
corporeal senses, constitutes evil and mortal knowledge. But is it true that
God, good, made "the tree of life" to be the tree of death to His own
creation? Has evil the reality of good? Evil is unreal because it is a lie, -
false in every statement.
Creation's counterfeit 527
Genesis ii. 19. And out of the
ground the Lord God Jehovah] formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of
the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and
whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
Here the lie represents God as repeating
creation, but doing so materially, not spiritually, and asking a prospective
sinner to help Him. Is the Supreme Being retrograding, and is man giving up his
dignity? Was it requisite for the formation of man that dust should become
sentient, when all being is the reflection of the eternal Mind, and the record
declares that God has already created man, both male and female? That Adam gave
the name and nature of animals, is solely mythological and material. It cannot
be true that man was ordered to create man anew in partnership with God; this
supposition was a dream, a myth.
Hypnotic surgery 528
Genesis ii. 21, 22. And the Lord
God [Jehovah, Yawah] caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and He
took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; and the rib,
which the Lord God [Jehovah] had taken from man, made He a woman, and brought
her unto the man.
Here falsity, error, credits Truth, God, with
inducing a sleep or hypnotic state in Adam in order to perform a surgical
operation on him and thereby create woman. This is the first record of
magnetism. Beginning creation with darkness instead of light, - materially
rather than spiritually, - error now simulates the work of Truth, mocking Love
and declaring what great things error has done. Beholding the creations of his
own dream and calling them real and God-given, Adam - alias
error - gives them names. Afterwards he is supposed to become the basis of the
creation of woman and of his own kind, calling them mankind, -
that is, a kind of man.
Mental midwifery 528
But according to this narrative, surgery was
first performed mentally and without instruments; and this may be a useful hint
to the medical faculty. Later in human history, when the forbidden fruit was
bringing forth fruit of its own kind, there came a suggestion of change in the modus
operandi, - that man should be born of woman, not woman again taken
from man. It came about, also, that instruments were needed to assist the birth
of mortals. The first system of suggestive obstetrics has changed. Another
change will come as to the nature and origin of man, and this revelation will
destroy the dream of existence, reinstate reality, usher in
Science and the glorious fact of creation, that both man and woman proceed from
God and are His eternal children, belonging to no lesser parent.
Mythical serpent 529
Genesis iii. 1-3. Now the
serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the Lord God [Jehovah]
had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of
every tree of the garden? And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the
fruit of the trees of the garden: but of the fruit of the tree which is in the
midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye
touch it, lest ye die.
Whence comes a talking, lying serpent to tempt
the children of divine Love? The serpent enters into the metaphor only as evil.
We have nothing in the animal kingdom which represents the species described, -
a talking serpent, - and should rejoice that evil, by whatever figure presented,
contradicts itself and has neither origin nor support in Truth and good. Seeing
this, we should have faith to fight all claims of evil, because we know that
they are worthless and unreal.
Adam, the synonym for error, stands for a belief
of material mind. He begins his reign over man somewhat mildly, but he increases
in falsehood and his days become shorter. In this development, the immortal,
spiritual law of Truth is made manifest as forever opposed to mortal, material
Divine providence 530
In divine Science, man is sustained by God, the
divine Principle of being. The earth, at God's command, brings forth food for
man's use. Knowing this, Jesus once said, "Take no thought for your life,
what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink,"-presuming not on the
prerogative of his creator, but recognizing God, the Father and Mother of all,
as able to feed and clothe man as He doth the lilies.
Error's assumption 530
Genesis iii. 4, 5. And the
serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: for God doth know that in
the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened; and ye shall be as gods,
knowing good and evil.
This myth represents error as always asserting
its superiority over truth, giving the lie to divine Science and saying, through
the material senses: "I can open your eyes. I can do what God has not done
for you. Bow down to me and have another god. Only admit that I am real, that
sin and sense are more pleasant to the eyes than spiritual Life, more to be
desired than Truth, and I shall know you, and you will be mine." Thus
Spirit and flesh war.
Scriptural allegory 530
The history of error is a dream-narrative. The
dream has no reality, no intelligence, no mind; therefore the dreamer and dream
are one, for neither is true nor real. First, this narrative
supposes that something springs from nothing, that matter precedes mind. Second,
it supposes that mind enters matter, and matter becomes living, substantial, and
intelligent. The order of this allegory - the belief that everything springs
from dust instead of from Deity - has been maintained in all the subsequent
forms of belief. This is the error, - that mortal man starts materially, that
non-intelligence becomes intelligence, that mind and soul are both right and
Higher hope 531
It is well that the upper portions of the brain
represent the higher moral sentiments, as if hope were ever prophesying thus:
The human mind will sometime rise above all material and physical sense,
exchanging it for spiritual perception, and exchanging human concepts for the
divine consciousness. Then man will recognize his God-given dominion and being.
Biological inventions 531
If, in the beginning, man's body originated in
nonintelligent dust, and mind was afterwards put into body by the creator, why
is not this divine order still maintained by God in perpetuating the species?
Who will say that minerals, vegetables, and animals have a propagating property
of their own? Who dares to say either that God is in matter or that matter
exists without God? Has man sought out other creative inventions, and so changed
the method of his Maker?
Which institutes Life, - matter or Mind? Does
Life begin with Mind or with matter? Is Life sustained by matter or by Spirit?
Certainly not by both, since flesh wars against Spirit and the corporeal senses
can take no cognizance of Spirit. The mythologic theory of material life at no
point resembles the scientifically Christian record of man as created by Mind in
the image and likeness of God and having dominion over all the earth. Did God at
first create one man unaided, - that is, Adam, - but afterwards require the
union of the two sexes in order to create the rest of the human family? No! God
makes and governs all.
Progeny cursed 532
All human knowledge and material sense must be
gained from the five corporeal senses. Is this knowledge safe, when eating its
first fruits brought death? "In the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt
surely die," was the prediction in the story under consideration. Adam and
his progeny were cursed, not blessed; and this indicates that the divine Spirit,
or Father, condemns material man and remands him to dust.
Shame the effect of sin 532
Genesis iii. 9, 10. And the Lord
God [Jehovah] called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? And he said,
I heard Thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I
Knowledge and pleasure, evolved through material
sense, produced the immediate fruits of fear and shame. Ashamed before Truth,
error shrank abashed from the divine voice calling out to the corporeal senses.
Its summons may be thus paraphrased: "Where art thou, man? Is Mind in
matter? Is Mind capable of error as well as of truth, of evil as well as of
good, when God is All and He is Mind and there is but one God, hence one
Fear comes of error 532
Fear was the first manifestation of the error of
material sense. Thus error began and will end the dream of matter. In the
allegory the body had been naked, and Adam knew it not; but now error demands
that mind shall see and feel through matter, the five senses.
The first impression material man had of himself was one of nakedness and shame.
Had he lost man's rich inheritance and God's behest, dominion over all the
earth? No! This had never been bestowed on Adam.
The beguiling first lie 533
Genesis iii. 11, 12. And He
said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I
commanded thee that thou shouldst not eat? And the man said, The woman whom Thou
gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
Here there is an attempt to trace all human
errors directly or indirectly to God, or good, as if He were the creator of
evil. The allegory shows that the snake-talker utters the first voluble lie,
which beguiles the woman and demoralizes the man. Adam, alias mortal
error, charges God and woman with his own dereliction, saying,
"The woman, whom Thou gavest me, is responsible." According to this
belief, the rib taken from Adam's side has grown into an evil mind, named woman,
who aids man to make sinners more rapidly than he can alone. Is this an help
meet for man?
Materiality, so obnoxious to God, is already
found in the rapid deterioration of the bone and flesh which came from Adam to
form Eve. The belief in material life and intelligence is growing worse at every
step, but error has its suppositional day and multiplies until the end thereof.
False womanhood 533
Truth, cross-questioning man as to his knowledge
of error, finds woman the first to confess her fault. She says, "The
serpent beguiled me, and I did eat;" as much as to say in meek penitence,
"Neither man nor God shall father my fault." She has already learned
that corporeal sense is the serpent. Hence she is first to abandon the belief in
the material origin of man and to discern spiritual creation. This hereafter
enabled woman to be the mother of Jesus and to behold at the sepulchre the risen
Saviour, who was soon to manifest the deathless man of God's creating. This
enabled woman to be first to interpret the Scriptures in their true sense, which
reveals the spiritual origin of man.
Spirit and flesh 534
Genesis iii. 14, 15. And the
Lord God [Jehovah] said unto the serpent, . . . I will put enmity between thee
and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and
thou shalt bruise his heel.
This prophecy has been fulfilled. The Son of the
Virgin-mother unfolded the remedy for Adam, or error; and the Apostle Paul
explains this warfare between the idea of divine power, which Jesus presented,
and mythological material intelligence called energy and
opposed to Spirit.
Paul says in his epistle to the Romans: "The
carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God,
neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. But
ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the spirit of God
dwell in you."
Bruising sin's head 534
There will be greater mental opposition to the
spiritual, scientific meaning of the Scriptures than there has ever been since
the Christian era began. The serpent, material sense, will bite the heel of the
woman, - will struggle to destroy the spiritual idea of Love; and the woman,
this idea, will bruise the head of lust. The spiritual idea has given the
understanding a foothold in Christian Science. The seed of Truth and the seed of
error, of belief and of understanding, - yea, the seed of Spirit and the seed of
matter, - are the wheat and tares which time will separate, the one to be
burned, the other to be garnered into heavenly places.
Judgment on error 535
Genesis iii. 16. Unto the woman
He said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception: in sorrow thou
shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall
rule over thee.
Divine Science deals its chief blow at the
supposed material foundations of life and intelligence. It dooms idolatry. A
belief in other gods, other creators, and other creations must go down before
Christian Science. It unveils the results of sin as shown in sickness and death.
When will man pass through the open gate of Christian Science into the heaven of
Soul, into the heritage of the first born among men? Truth is indeed "the
New earth and no more sea 535
Genesis iii. 17-19. And unto
Adam He said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast
eaten of the tree of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it:
cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days
of thy life: thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou
shalt eat the herb of the field: in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread,
till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou
art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
In the first chapter of Genesis we read:
"And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the
waters called He Seas." In the Apocalypse it is written: "And I saw a
new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed
away; and there was no more sea." In St. John's vision, heaven and earth
stand for spiritual ideas, and the sea, as a symbol of tempest-tossed human
concepts advancing and receding, is represented as having passed away. The
divine understanding reigns, is all, and there is no other
The way of error is awful to contemplate. The
illusion of sin is without hope or God. If man's spiritual gravitation and
attraction to one Father, in whom we "live, and move, and have our
being," "should be lost, and if man should be governed by corporeality
instead of divine Principle, by body instead of by Soul, man would be
annihilated. Created by flesh instead of by Spirit, starting from matter instead
of from God, mortal man would be governed by himself. The blind leading the
blind, both would fall.
Passions and appetites must end in pain. They are
"of few days, and full of trouble." Their supposed joys are cheats.
Their narrow limits belittle their gratifications, and hedge about their
achievements with thorns.
True attainment 536
Mortal mind accepts the erroneous, material
conception of life and joy, but the true idea is gained from the immortal side.
Through toil, struggle, and sorrow, what do mortals attain? They give up their
belief in perishable life and happiness; the mortal and material return to dust,
and the immortal is reached.
Justice and recompense 536
Genesis iii. 22-24. And the Lord
God [Jehovah] said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and
evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life,
and eat, and live forever; therefore the Lord God [Jehovah] sent him forth from
the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So He drove out
the man: and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a
flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
A knowledge of evil was never the essence of
divinity or manhood. In the first chapter of Genesis, evil has no local
habitation nor name. Creation is there represented as spiritual, entire, and
good. "Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap." Error
excludes itself from harmony. Sin is its own punishment. Truth guards the
gateway to harmony. Error tills its own barren soil and buries itself in the
ground, since ground and dust stand for nothingness.
Inspired interpretation 537
No one can reasonably doubt that the purpose of
this allegory - this second account in Genesis - is to depict the falsity of
error and the effects of error. Subsequent Bible revelation is coordinate with
the Science of creation recorded in the first chapter of Genesis. Inspired
writers interpret the Word spiritually, while the ordinary historian interprets
it literally. Literally taken, the text is made to appear contradictory in some
places, and divine Love, which blessed the earth and gave it to man for a
possession, is represented as changeable. The literal meaning would imply that
God withheld from man the opportunity to reform, lest man should improve it and
become better; but this is not the nature of God, who is Love always, - Love
infinitely wise and altogether lovely, who "seeketh not her own."
Spiritual gateway 538
Truth should, and does, drive error out of all
selfhood. Truth is a two-edged sword, guarding and guiding. Truth places the
cherub wisdom at the gate of understanding to note the proper guests. Radiant
with mercy and justice, the sword of Truth gleams afar and indicates the
infinite distance between Truth and error, between the material and spiritual, -
the unreal and the real.
Contrasted testimony 538
The sun, giving light and heat to the earth, is a
figure of divine Life and Love, enlightening and sustaining the universe. The
"tree of life" is significant of eternal reality or being. The
"tree of knowledge" "typifies unreality. The testimony of the
serpent is significant of the illusion of error, of the false claims that
misrepresent God, good. Sin, sickness, and death have no record in the Elohistic
introduction of Genesis, in which God creates the heavens, earth, and man. Until
that which contradicts the truth of being enters into the arena, evil has no
history, and evil is brought into view only as the unreal in contradistinction
to the real and eternal.
Erroneous conception 538
Genesis iv. 1. And Adam knew Eve
his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from
the Lord [Jehovah].
This account is given, not of immortal man, but
of mortal man, and of sin which is temporal. As both mortal man and sin have a
beginning, they must consequently have an end, while the sinless, real man is
eternal. Eve's declaration, "I have gotten a man from the Lord,"
supposes God to be the author of sin and sin's progeny. This false sense of
existence is fratricidal. In the words of Jesus, it (evil, devil) is "a
murderer from the beginning." Error begins by reckoning life as separate
from Spirit, thus sapping the foundations of immortality, as if life and
immortality were something which matter can both give and take away.
Only one standard 539
What can be the standard of good, of Spirit, of
Life, or of Truth, if they produce their opposites, such as evil, matter, error,
and death? God could never impart an element of evil, and man possesses nothing
which he has not derived from God. How then has man a basis for wrong-doing?
Whence does he obtain the propensity or power to do evil? Has Spirit resigned to
matter the government of the universe?
A type of falsehood 539
The Scriptures declare that God condemned this
lie as to man's origin and character by condemning its symbol, the serpent, to
grovel beneath all the beasts of the field. It is false to say that Truth and
error commingle in creation. In parable and argument, this falsity is exposed by
our Master as self-evidently wrong. Disputing these points with the Pharisees
and arguing for the Science of creation, Jesus said: "Do men gather grapes
of thorns?" Paul asked: "What communion hath light with darkness? And
what concord hath Christ with Belial?"
The divine origin of Jesus gave him more than
human power to expound the facts of creation, and demonstrate the one Mind which
makes and governs man and the universe. The Science of creation, so conspicuous
in the birth of Jesus, inspired his wisest and least-understood sayings, and was
the basis of his marvellous demonstrations. Christ is the offspring of Spirit,
and spiritual existence shows that Spirit creates neither a wicked nor a mortal
man, lapsing into sin, sickness, and death.
Cleansing upheaval 540
In Isaiah we read: "I make peace, and create
evil. I the Lord do all these things;" but the prophet referred to divine
law as stirring up the belief in evil to its utmost, when bringing it to the
surface and reducing it to its common denominator, nothingness. The muddy
river-bed must be stirred in order to purify the stream. In moral
chemicalization, when the symptoms of evil, illusion, are aggravated, we may
think in our ignorance that the Lord hath wrought an evil; but we ought to know
that God's law uncovers so-called sin and its effects, only that Truth may
annihilate all sense of evil and all power to sin.
Allegiance to Spirit 540
Science renders "unto Caesar the things
which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's." It saith to
the human sense of sin, sickness, and death, "God never made you, and you
are a false sense which hath no knowledge of God." The purpose of the
Hebrew allegory, representing error as assuming a divine character, is to teach
mortals never to believe a lie.
Spiritual and material 540
Genesis iv. 3, 4. Cain brought
of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord [Jehovah]. And Abel, he
also brought of the firstlings of his flock, and of the fat thereof.
Cain is the type of mortal and material man,
conceived in sin and "shapen in iniquity;" he is not the type of Truth
and Love. Material in origin and sense, he brings a material offering to God.
Abel takes his offering from the firstlings of the flock. A lamb is a more
animate form of existence, and more nearly resembles a mind-offering than does
Cain's fruit. Jealous of his brother's gift, Cain seeks Abel's life, instead of
making his own gift a higher tribute to the Most High.
Genesis iv. 4, 5. And the Lord
[Jehovah] had respect unto Abel, and to his offering: but unto Cain, and to his
offering, He had not respect.
Had God more respect for the homage bestowed
through a gentle animal than for the worship expressed by Cain's fruit? No; but
the lamb was a more spiritual type of even the human concept of Love than the
herbs of the ground could be.
Genesis iv. 8. Cain rose up
against Abel his brother, and slew him.
The erroneous belief that life, substance, and
intelligence can be material ruptures the life and brotherhood of man at the
Genesis iv. 9. And the Lord
[Jehovah] said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am
I my brother's keeper?
Brotherhood repudiated 541
Here the serpentine lie invents new forms. At
first it usurps divine power. It is supposed to say in the first instance,
"Ye shall be as gods." Now it repudiates even the human duty of man
towards his brother.
Murder brings its curse 541
Genesis iv. 10, 11. And He
[Jehovah] said, . . . The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto Me from the
ground. And now art thou cursed from the earth.
The belief of life in matter sins at every step.
It incurs divine displeasure, and it would kill Jesus that it might be rid of
troublesome Truth. Material beliefs would slay the spiritual idea whenever and
wherever it appears. Though error hides behind a lie and excuses guilt, error
cannot forever be concealed. Truth, through her eternal laws, unveils error.
Truth causes sin to betray itself, and sets upon error the mark of the beast.
Even the disposition to excuse guilt or to conceal it is punished. The avoidance
of justice and the denial of truth tend to perpetuate sin, invoke crime,
jeopardize self-control, and mock divine mercy.
Retribution and remorse 542
Genesis iv. 15. And the Lord
[Jehovah] said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be
taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord [Jehovah] set a mark upon Cain, lest any
finding him should kill him.
"They that take the sword shall perish with
the sword." Let Truth uncover and destroy error in God's own way, and let
human justice pattern the divine. Sin will receive its full penalty, both for
what it is and for what it does. Justice marks the sinner, and teaches mortals
not to remove the waymarks of God. To envy's own hell, justice consigns the lie
which, to advance itself, breaks God's commandments.
Climax of suffering 542
Genesis iv. 16. And Cain went
out from the presence of the Lord [Jehovah], and dwelt in the land of Nod.
The sinful misconception of Life as something
less than God, having no truth to support it, falls back upon itself. This
error, after reaching the climax of suffering, yields to Truth and returns to
dust; but it is only mortal man and not the real man, who dies. The image of
Spirit cannot be effaced, since it is the idea of Truth and changes not, but
becomes more beautifully apparent at error's demise.
Dwelling in dreamland 543
In divine Science, the material man is shut out
from the presence of God. The five corporeal senses cannot take cognizance of
Spirit. They cannot come into His presence, and must dwell in dream-land, until
mortals arrive at the understanding that material life, with all its sin,
sickness, and death, is an illusion, against which divine Science is engaged in
a warfare of extermination. The great verities of existence are never excluded
Man springs from Mind 543
All error proceeds from the evidence before the
material senses. If man is material and originates in an egg, who shall say that
he is not primarily dust? May not Darwin be right in thinking that apehood
preceded mortal manhood? Minerals and vegetables are found, according to divine
Science, to be the creations of erroneous thought, not of matter. Did man, whom
God created with a word, originate in an egg? When Spirit made all, did it leave
aught for matter to create? Ideas of Truth alone are reflected in the myriad
manifestations of Life, and thus it is seen that man springs solely from Mind.
The belief that matter supports life would make Life, or God, mortal.
Material inception 543
The text, "In the day that the Lord God
[Jehovah God] made the earth and the heavens," introduces the record of a
material creation which followed the spiritual, - a creation so wholly apart
from God's, that Spirit had no participation in it. In God's creation ideas
became productive, obedient to Mind. There was no rain and "not a man to
till the ground." Mind, instead of matter, being the producer, Life was
self-sustained. Birth, decay, and death arise from the material sense of things,
not from the spiritual, for in the latter Life consisteth not of the things
which a man eateth. Matter cannot change the eternal fact that man exists
because God exists. Nothing is new to the infinite Mind.
First evil suggestion 544
In Science, Mind neither produces matter nor does
matter produce mind. No mortal mind has the might or right or wisdom to create
or to destroy. All is under the control of the one Mind, even God. The first
statement about evil, - the first suggestion of more than the one Mind, - is in
the fable of the serpent. The facts of creation, as previously recorded, include
nothing of the kind.
Material personality 544
The serpent is supposed to say, "Ye shall be
as gods," but these gods must be evolved from materiality and be the very
antipodes of immortal and spiritual being. Man is the likeness of Spirit, but a
material personality is not this likeness. Therefore man, in this allegory, is
neither a lesser god nor the image and likeness of the one God.
Material, erroneous belief reverses understanding
and truth. It declares mind to be in and of matter, so-called mortal life to be
Life, infinity to enter man's nostrils so that matter becomes spiritual. Error
begins with corporeality as the producer instead of divine Principle, and
explains Deity through mortal and finite conceptions.
"Behold, the man is become as one of
us." This could not be the utterance of Truth or Science, for according to
the record, material man was fast degenerating and never had been divinely
Mental tillage 545
The condemnation of mortals to till the ground
means this, - that mortals should so improve material belief by thought tending
spiritually upward as to destroy materiality. Man, created by God, was given
dominion over the whole earth. The notion of a material universe is utterly
opposed to the theory of man as evolved from Mind. Such fundamental errors send
falsity into all human doctrines and conclusions, and do not accord infinity to
Deity. Error tills the whole ground in this material theory, which is entirely a
false view, destructive to existence and happiness. Outside of Christian Science
all is vague and hypothetical, the opposite of Truth; yet this opposite, in its
false view of God and man, impudently demands a blessing.
The translators of this record of scientific
creation entertained a false sense of being. They believed in the existence of
matter, its propagation and power. From that standpoint of error, they could not
apprehend the nature and operation of Spirit. Hence the seeming contradiction in
that Scripture, which is so glorious in its spiritual signification. Truth has
but one reply to all error, - to sin, sickness, and death: "Dust
[nothingness] thou art, and unto dust [nothingness] shalt thou return."
Mortality mythical 545
"As in Adam [error] all die, even so in
Christ [Truth] shall all be made alive." The mortality of man is a myth,
for man is immortal. The false belief that spirit is now submerged in matter, at
some future time to be emancipated from it, - this belief alone is mortal.
Spirit, God, never germinates, but is "the same yesterday, and to-day, and
forever." If Mind, God, creates error, that error must exist in the divine
Mind, and this assumption of error would dethrone the perfection of Deity.
No truth from a material basis
Is Christian Science contradictory? Is the divine
Principle of creation misstated? Has God no Science to declare Mind, while
matter is governed by unerring intelligence? "There went up a mist from the
earth." This represents error as starting from an idea of good on a
material basis. It supposes God and man to be manifested only through the
corporeal senses, although the material senses can take no cognizance of Spirit
or the spiritual idea.
Genesis and the Apocalypse seem more obscure than
other portions of the Scripture, because they cannot possibly be interpreted
from a material standpoint. To the author, they are transparent, for they
contain the deep divinity of the Bible.
Dawning of spiritual facts 546
Christian Science is dawning upon a material age.
The great spiritual facts of being, like rays of light, shine in the darkness,
though the darkness, comprehending them not, may deny their reality. The proof
that the system stated in this book is Christianly scientific resides in the
good this system accomplishes, for it cures on a divine demonstrable Principle
which all may understand.
Proof given in healing 546
If mathematics should present a thousand
different examples of one rule, the proving of one example would authenticate
all the others. A simple statement of Christian Science, if demonstrated by
healing, contains the proof of all here said of Christian Science. If one of the
statements in this book is true, every one must be true, for not one departs
from the stated system and rule. You can prove for yourself, dear reader, the
Science of healing, and so ascertain if the author has given you the correct
interpretation of Scripture.
Embryonic evolution 547
The late Louis Agassiz, by his microscopic
examination of a vulture's ovum, strengthens the thinker's conclusions as to the
scientific theory of creation. Agassiz was able to see in the egg the earth's
atmosphere, the gathering clouds, the moon and stars, while the germinating
speck of so-called embryonic life seemed a small sun. In its history of
mortality, Darwin's theory of evolution from a material basis is more consistent
than most theories. Briefly, this is Darwin's theory, - that Mind produces its
opposite, matter, and endues matter with power to recreate the universe,
including man. Material evolution implies that the great First Cause must become
material, and afterwards must either return to Mind or go down into dust and
True theory of the universe 547
The Scriptures are very sacred. Our aim must be
to have them understood spiritually, for only by this understanding can truth be
gained. The true theory of the universe, including man, is not in material
history but in spiritual development. Inspired thought relinquishes a material,
sensual, and mortal theory of the universe, and adopts the spiritual and
Scriptural perception 547
It is this spiritual perception of Scripture,
which lifts humanity out of disease and death and inspires faith. "The
Spirit and the bride say, Come! . . . and whosoever will, let him take the water
of life freely." Christian Science separates error from truth, and breathes
through the sacred pages the spiritual sense of life, substance, and
intelligence. In this Science, we discover man in the image and likeness of God.
We see that man has never lost his spiritual estate and his eternal harmony.
The clouds dissolving 548
How little light or heat reach our earth when
clouds cover the sun's face! So Christian Science can be seen only as the clouds
of corporeal sense roll away. Earth has little light or joy for mortals before
Life is spiritually learned. Every agony of mortal error helps error to destroy
error, and so aids the apprehension of immortal Truth. This is the new birth
going on hourly, by which men may entertain angels, the true ideas of God, the
spiritual sense of being.
Prediction of a naturalist 548
Speaking of the origin of mortals, a famous
naturalist says: "It is very possible that many general statements now
current, about birth and generation, will be changed with the progress of
information." Had the naturalist, through his tireless researches, gained
the diviner side in Christian Science, - so far apart from his material sense of
animal growth and organization, - he would have blessed the human race more
Methods of reproduction 548
Natural history is richly endowed by the labors
and genius of great men. Modern discoveries have brought to light important
facts in regard to so-called embryonic life. Agassiz declares ("Methods of
Study in Natural History," page 275): "Certain animals, besides the
ordinary process of generation, also increase their numbers naturally and
constantly by self-division." " This discovery is corroborative of the
Science of Mind, for this discovery shows that the multiplication of certain
animals takes place apart from sexual conditions. The supposition that life
germinates in eggs and must decay after it has grown to maturity, if not before,
is shown by divine metaphysics to be a mistake, - a blunder which will finally
give place to higher theories and demonstrations.
The three processes 549
Creatures of lower forms of organism are supposed
to have, as classes, three different methods of reproduction and to multiply
their species sometimes through eggs, sometimes through buds, and sometimes
through self-division. According to recent lore, successive generations do not
begin with the birth of new individuals, or personalities, but
with the formation of the nucleus, or egg, from which one or more
individualities subsequently emerge; and we must therefore look upon the simple
ovum as the germ, the starting-point, of the most complicated corporeal
structures, including those which we call human. Here these material researches
culminate in such vague hypotheses as must necessarily attend false systems,
which rely upon physics and are devoid of metaphysics.
Deference to material law 549
In one instance a celebrated naturalist, Agassiz,
discovers the pathway leading to divine Science, and beards the lion of
materialism in its den. At that point, however, even this great observer
mistakes nature, forsakes Spirit as the divine origin of creative Truth, and
allows matter and material law to usurp the prerogatives of omnipotence. He
absolutely drops from his summit, coming down to a belief in the material origin
of man, for he virtually affirms that the germ of humanity is in a circumscribed
and nonintelligent egg.
Deep-reaching interrogations 550
If this be so, whence cometh Life, or Mind, to
the human race? Matter surely does not possess Mind. God is the Life, or
intelligence, which forms and preserves the individuality and identity of
animals as well as of men. God cannot become finite, and be limited within
material bounds. Spirit cannot become matter, nor can Spirit be developed
through its opposite. Of what avail is it to investigate what is miscalled
material life, which ends, even as it begins, in nameless nothingness? The true
sense of being and its eternal perfection should appear now, even as it will
Stages of existence 550
Error of thought is reflected in error of action.
The continual contemplation of existence as material and corporeal - as
beginning and ending, and with birth, decay, and dissolution as its component
stages - hides the true and spiritual Life, and causes our standard to trail in
the dust. If Life has any starting-point whatsoever, then the great I AM is a
myth. If Life is God, as the Scriptures imply, then Life is not embryonic, it is
infinite. An egg is an impossible enclosure for Deity.
Embryology supplies no instance of one species
producing its opposite. A serpent never begets a bird, nor does a lion bring
forth a lamb. Amalgamation is deemed monstrous and is seldom fruitful, but it is
not so hideous and absurd as the supposition that Spirit - the pure and holy,
the immutable and immortal - can originate the impure and mortal and dwell in
it. As Christian Science repudiates self-evident impossibilities, the material
senses must father these absurdities, for both the material senses and their
reports are unnatural, impossible, and unreal.
The real producer 551
Either Mind produces, or it is produced. If Mind
is first, it cannot produce its opposite in quality and quantity, called matter.
If matter is first, it cannot produce Mind. Like produces like. In natural
history, the bird is not the product of a beast. In spiritual history, matter is
not the progenitor of Mind.
The ascent of species 551
One distinguished naturalist argues that mortals
spring from eggs and in races. Mr. Darwin admits this, but he adds that mankind
has ascended through all the lower grades of existence. Evolution describes the
gradations of human belief, but it does not acknowledge the method of divine
Mind, nor see that material methods are impossible in divine Science and that
all Science is of God, not of man.
Transmitted peculiarities 551
Naturalists ask: "What can there be, of a
material nature, transmitted through these bodies called eggs, - themselves
composed of the simplest material elements, - by which all peculiarities of
ancestry, belonging to either sex, are brought down from generation to
generation?" The question of the naturalist amounts to this: How can matter
originate or transmit mind? We answer that it cannot. Darkness and doubt
encompass thought, so long as it bases creation on materiality. From a material
standpoint, "Canst thou by searching find out God?" All must be Mind,
or else all must be matter. Neither can produce the other. Mind is immortal; but
error declares that the material seed must decay in order to propagate its
species, and the resulting germ is doomed to the same routine.
Causation not in matter 551
The ancient and hypothetical question, Which is
first, the egg or the bird? is answered, if the egg produces the parent. But we
cannot stop here. Another question follows: Who or what produces the parent of
the egg? That the earth was hatched from the "egg of night" was once
an accepted theory. Heathen philosophy, modern geology, and all other material
hypotheses deal with causation as contingent on matter and as necessarily
apparent to the corporeal senses, even where the proof requisite to sustain this
assumption is undiscovered. Mortal theories make friends of sin, sickness, and
death; whereas the spiritual scientific facts of existence include no member of
this dolorous and fatal triad.
Emergence of mortals 552
Human experience in mortal life, which starts
from an egg, corresponds with that of Job, when he says, "Man that is born
of a woman is of few days, and full of trouble." Mortals must emerge from
this notion of material life as all-in-all. They must peck open their shells
with Christian Science, and look outward and upward. But thought, loosened from
a material basis but not yet instructed by Science, may become wild with freedom
and so be self-contradictory.
Persistence of species 552
From a material source flows no remedy for
sorrow, sin, and death, for the redeeming power, from the ills they occasion, is
not in egg nor in dust. The blending tints of leaf and flower show the order of
matter to be the order of mortal mind. The intermixture of different species,
urged to its utmost limits, results in a return to the original species. Thus it
is learned that matter is a manifestation of mortal mind, and that matter always
surrenders its claims when the perfect and eternal Mind is understood.
Better basis than embryology 552
Naturalists describe the origin of mortal and
material existence in the various forms of embryology, and accompany their
descriptions with important observations, which should awaken thought to a
higher and purer contemplation of man's origin. This clearer consciousness must
precede an understanding of the harmony of being. Mortal thought must obtain a
better basis, get nearer the truth of being, or health will never be universal,
and harmony will never become the standard of man.
One of our ablest naturalists has said: "We
have no right to assume that individuals have grown or been formed under
circumstances which made material conditions essential to their maintenance and
reproduction, or important to their origin and first introduction." Why,
then, is the naturalist's basis so materialistic, and why are his deductions
All nativity in thought 553
Adam was created before Eve. In this instance, it
is seen that the maternal egg never brought forth Adam. Eve was formed from
Adam's rib, not from a foetal ovum. Whatever theory may be adopted by general
mortal thought to account for human origin, that theory is sure to become the
signal for the appearance of its method in finite forms and operations. If
consentaneous human belief agrees upon an ovum as the point of emergence for the
human race, this potent belief will immediately supersede the more ancient
superstition about the creation from dust or from the rib of our primeval
Being is immortal 553
You may say that mortals are formed before they
think or know aught of their origin, and you may also ask how belief can affect
a result which precedes the development of that belief. It can only be replied,
that Christian Science reveals what "eye hath not seen," - even the
cause of all that exists, - for the universe, inclusive of man, is as eternal as
God, who is its divine immortal Principle. There is no such thing as mortality,
nor are there properly any mortal beings, because being is immortal, like Deity,
- or, rather, being and Deity are inseparable.
Our conscious development 554
Error is always error. It is no thing.
Any statement of life, following from a misconception of life, is erroneous,
because it is destitute of any knowledge of the so-called selfhood of life,
destitute of any knowledge of its origin or existence. The mortal is unconscious
of his foetal and infantile existence; but as he grows up into another false
claim, that of self-conscious matter, he learns to say, "I am somebody; but
who made me?" Error replies, "God made you." The first effort of
error has been and is to impute to God the creation of whatever is sinful and
mortal; but infinite Mind sets at naught such a mistaken belief.
Mendacity of error 554
Jesus defined this opposite of God and His
creation better than we can, when he said, "He is a liar, and the father of
it." Jesus also said, "Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is
a devil?" This he said of Judas, one of Adam's race. Jesus never intimated
that God made a devil, but he did say, "Ye are of your father, the
devil." All these sayings were to show that mind in matter is the author of
itself, and is simply a falsity and illusion.
Ailments of animals 554
It is the general belief that the lower animals
are less sickly than those possessing higher organizations, especially those of
the human form. This would indicate that there is less disease in proportion as
the force of mortal mind is less pungent or sensitive, and that health attends
the absence of mortal mind. A fair conclusion from this might be, that it is the
human belief, and not the divine arbitrament, which brings the physical organism
under the yoke of disease.
Ignorance the sign of error 555
An inquirer once said to the discoverer of
Christian Science: "I like your explanations of truth, but I do not
comprehend what you say about error." This is the nature of error. The mark
of ignorance is on its forehead, for it neither understands nor can be
understood. Error would have itself received as mind, as if it were as real and
God-created as truth; but Christian Science attributes to error neither entity
nor power, because error is neither mind nor the outcome of Mind.
The origin of divinity 555
Searching for the origin of man, who is the
reflection of God, is like inquiring into the origin of God, the self-existent
and eternal. Only impotent error would seek to unite Spirit with matter, good
with evil, immortality with mortality, and call this sham unity man,
as if man were the offspring of both Mind and matter, of both Deity and
humanity. Creation rests on a spiritual basis. We lose our standard of
perfection and set aside the proper conception of Deity, when we admit that the
perfect is the author of aught that can become imperfect, that God bestows the
power to sin, or that Truth confers the ability to err. Our great example,
Jesus, could restore the individualized manifestation of existence, which seemed
to vanish in death. Knowing that God was the Life of man, Jesus was able to
present himself unchanged after the crucifixion. Truth fosters the idea of
Truth, and not the belief in illusion or error. That which is real, is sustained
Genera classified 556
Vertebrata, articulata, mollusca, and radiata are
mortal and material concepts classified, and are supposed to possess life and
mind. These false beliefs will disappear, when the radiation of Spirit destroys
forever all belief in intelligent matter. Then will the new heaven and new earth
appear, for the former things will have passed away.
The Christian's privilege 556
Mortal belief infolds the conditions of sin.
Mortal belief dies to live again in renewed forms, only to go out at last
forever; for life everlasting is not to be gained by dying. Christian Science
may absorb the attention of sage and philosopher, but the Christian alone can
fathom it. It is made known most fully to him who understands best the divine
Life. Did the origin and the enlightenment of the race come from the deep sleep
which fell upon Adam? Sleep is darkness, but God's creative mandate was,
"Let there be light." In sleep, cause and effect are mere illusions.
They seem to be something, but are not. Oblivion and dreams, not realities, come
with sleep. Even so goes on the Adam-belief, of which mortal and material life
is the dream.
Ontology ^versus^ physiology 556
Ontology receives less attention than physiology.
Why? Because mortal mind must waken to spiritual life before it cares to solve
the problem of being, hence the author's experience; but when that awakening
comes, existence will be on a new standpoint.
It is related that a father plunged his infant
babe, only a few hours old, into the water for several minutes, and repeated
this operation daily, until the child could remain under water twenty minutes,
moving and playing without harm, like a fish. Parents should remember this, and
learn how to develop their children properly on dry land.
The curse removed 557
Mind controls the birth-throes in the lower
realms of nature, where parturition is without suffering. Vegetables, minerals,
and many animals suffer no pain in multiplying; but human propagation has its
suffering because it is a false belief. Christian Science reveals harmony as
proportionately increasing as the line of creation rises towards spiritual man,
- towards enlarged understanding and intelligence; but in the line of the
corporeal senses, the less a mortal knows of sin, disease, and mortality, the
better for him, - the less pain and sorrow are his. When the mist of mortal mind
evaporates, the curse will be removed which says to woman, "In sorrow thou
shalt bring forth children." Divine Science rolls back the clouds of error
with the light of Truth, and lifts the curtain on man as never born and as never
dying, but as coexistent with his creator.
Popular theology takes up the history of man as
if he began materially right, but immediately fell into mental sin; whereas
revealed religion proclaims the Science of Mind and its formations as being in
accordance with the first chapter of the Old Testament, when God, Mind, spake
and it was done.
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